Come By Chance is a locality in the Pilliga district of northern New South Wales, Australia. It is located about 100 kilometres (60 mi) north of Coonabarabran in the Walgett Shire. At the 2006 census, Come By Chance had a population of 187.
George and William Colless purchased a sheep station in the area, naming it "Come by Chance" to reflect their surprise at being able to make such a purchase in this area. The town was later named after this property. It has frequently been noted on lists of unusual place names.
Each year it attracts several thousand spectators to the Come-By-Chance Picnic Race Meeting.
The town features in Banjo Paterson's wistful ballad Come-by-Chance:
But my languid mood forsook me, when I found a name that took me, Quite by chance I came across it — `Come-by-Chance' was what I read;No location was assigned it, not a thing to help one find it,
Just an N which stood for northward, and the rest was all unsaid.