Oberon is a town and local government area (see Oberon Shire) in the central tablelands of New South Wales, Australia. The main industries are farming, forestry and wood products. The town usually receives snowfall during the winter months, owing to its high elevation. At the 2011 census, Oberon had a population of 2,459 people.
It is the birthplace of Greens politician Bob Brown, Ken Sutcliffe, and former Penrith Panthers player Mark Booth. Oberon is located near Jenolan Caves and the Kanangra-Boyd National Park.