Parramatta (/ˌpærəˈmætə/) is a suburb of Sydney, Australia, 23 kilometres (14 mi) west of its central business district on the banks of the Parramatta River. Parramatta is the administrative seat of the City of Parramatta, one of four cities within the Sydney metropolitan area.
Parramatta, founded by the British in 1788, the same year as Sydney, is the oldest inland European settlement in Australia and the economic capital of Greater Western Sydney. Since 2000, government agencies such as the New South Wales Police Force and Sydney Water have relocated to Parramatta from the centre of Sydney.
Parramatta is a major business and commercial centre, and home to Westfield Parramatta, the ninth largest shopping centre in Australia.
Major upgrades have occurred around Parramatta railway station with the expansion of Westfield Parramatta, the creation of a new transport interchange, and the ongoing development of the Parramatta Square local government precinct. It is colloquially known as Parra.