Tooleybuc is a town in the western Riverina district of New South Wales, Australia. The town is located on the Mallee Highway, 919 kilometres (571 mi) south west of the state capital, Sydney and 381 kilometres (237 mi) north west of Melbourne. Situated on the banks of the Murray River across from Piangil in the neighbouring state of Victoria, at the 2011 census, Tooleybuc has a population of 176. The town is in the Murray River Council local government area.
Tooleybuc is on the traditional lands of the Muthi Muthi Aboriginal tribe.
The Post Office opened on 1 February 1873 and closed in 1885. However, a Post Office agency has been run in the town for many years, usually in the General Store.
In 1876 the settlement at Tooleybuc was described in the following terms:
Tooley Buc is on the New South Wales side of the river, and is on the mail road between Swan-hill and Balranald, being nearly equidistant between the two places. There is no township there, unless a large public-house and a small and comical-looking wooden chapel, which, by the bye, appeared to be unused, can be held to constitute one, but there is a good deal of settlement in the neighbourhood. A store and post-office are attached to the public-house. Tooley Buc is a crossing-place for sheep and cattle.
Tooleybuc is home to a historic bridge over the Murray River. Constructed in 1907 (?? see image below which states an alternative date of 1925), the bridge is designed to rise to let paddle steamers through.