Jackson is a town in the Maranoa local government area in South West Queensland, Australia. The town's economy was based on the rail industry. At the 2006 census, Jackson had a population of 171. The town has a small public library that services the community.
Australia's largest onshore oil field is located at similarly named Jackson Oil Fields; however, it is located in a different area of the state approximately 160 kilometres (99 mi) west of Thargomindah (http://mulgatraining.com.au/bullooshire/travel/Jackson.htm). The field was discovered in 1981 and contains 350 million barrels of oil, of which just under one third is recoverable.