Quilpie (/ˈkwɪlpi/ KWIL-pee) is a town and a locality situated in the Channel Country of South West Queensland, Australia. The town is the administrative centre of the Quilpie Shire local government area. In the 2011 census, Quilpie had a population of 574 people.
The economy of the area is based on the grazing and mining industries. The area has one of the largest deposits of boulder opal in the world, and also has extensive deposits of gas and oil.