Yelarbon is a small town in south-central Queensland on the Dumaresq River, near the New South Wales border. It sits on the Cunningham Highway midway between Goondiwindi and Inglewood. At the 2006 census, Yelarbon had a population of 448.
Yelarbon is an Aboriginal Australian word meaning "Native name for the large lagoon adjacent to the Station." Reference: Queensland Railways correspondence No. 08.393, 17 July 1908 written by Chief Engineer, W. Pagan, to The Secretary, Office of the Commissioner for Railways. Letter is held in the Queensland Railways correspondence files at Queensland State Archives. Ref: A/12427 1908.
It was the first place in Queensland to grow tobacco commercially. Nowadays, cattle and sheep are raised, and cereal crops are grown. A major employer in Yelarbon is the A. E. Girle and Sons sawmill.