Anglesea is a town in Victoria, Australia. It is located on the Great Ocean Road in the Surf Coast Shire local government area. In the 2011 census, Anglesea had a population of 2,454 people.
Originally known as Swampy Creek, the area's name was changed to Anglesea River in 1884 when the township was established. A Post Office under that name opened on 16 April 1886 and was renamed Anglesea in 1950.
Alcoa of Australia operated a power station and open-cut coalmine in the town until August 2015. The site is now the subject of restorative work.
In February 1983, the Ash Wednesday fires swept through the area, destroying many houses.