Arthurs Creek is a town in Victoria, Australia, 33 kilometres north-east of Melbourne's Central Business District. Its local government area is the Shire of Nillumbik. At the 2011 census, Arthurs Creek had a population of 454.
It is named after Henry Arthur, a member of John Batman's Port Phillip Association and nephew of George Arthur, a governor of Tasmania.
Arthurs Creek began as a horticultural settlement with numerous orchards, with the Post Office opening on 7 October 1889 (it closed in 1972). After the First World War, cattle and sheep farms replaced orchards as the principal industry. Today, the land-holdings of Arthurs Creek are a mixture of smaller farm properties including vineyards, orchards, and life-style properties.
The township of Arthurs Creek consists of a primary school, Mechanic's Institute Hall, CFA Station and a Uniting church. There is also a cricket oval known as Ryders Flat and the Arthurs Creek Cemetery, dating back to the 1870s.
Historical residents of Arthurs Creek include Frank Dalby Davison, the author of novels such as Man-shy and Dusty. Davison lived on a property called "Folding Hills" from 1951 to 1970.
Arthurs Creek was hit by the Black Saturday bushfires in February 2009. The East Kilmore fire hit parts of Arthurs Creek and adjorning communities of Strathewen, Kinglake and St Andrews.