Balaclava is an inner suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 7 km south from Melbourne's Central Business District. Its local government area is the City of Port Phillip. At the 2011 Census, Balaclava had a population of 5,383.
Balaclava is located in the south-east of the city, in the St Kilda East area and is bounded by Inkerman Street to the north, Chapel Street to the west, Hotham Street to the east and Oak Grove and Los Angeles Court to the south. In terms of its cadastral division, Balaclava is in the parish of Prahran, within the County of Bourke
The suburb was named after the Battle of Balaclava that took place on 25 October 1854, during the Crimean War.
Well known television celebrity Graham Kennedy spent part of his childhood in the Balaclava area. After his death, the local council placed a commemorative plaque on the house in which he lived.
Balaclava is home to much of Melbourne's Orthodox Jewish Community, consisting of both Hasidim and non-Hasidim (Mitnagdim or Yeshivish) Jews. Within its confines are a number of kosher restaurants and shops that cater to the local and broader Melbourne Haredi communities.