Carlton is an inner-northern suburb of Melbourne, Australia, immediately adjoining Melbourne's Central Business District. Its local government area is the City of Melbourne. At the 2011 Census, Carlton had a population of 13,509.
Carlton is known nationwide for its Little Italy precinct centred on Lygon Street, for its propenderance of 19th century Victorian architecture and its garden squares including the Carlton Gardens, the latter being the location of the Royal Exhibition Building, one of Australia's few man-made sites with World Heritage status.
Due to its proximity to The University of Melbourne, the CBD campus of RMIT University and the Fitzroy campus of Australian Catholic University, Carlton is also home to one of the highest concentrations of university students in Australia.
Carlton is thought to have been named after Carlton House, London.