Dandenong is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, approximately 30 km south-east from Melbourne's central business district. Situated on the Dandenong Creek, it is at the foothill of the Dandenong Ranges and is the main administrative centre for the City of Greater Dandenong local government area. At the 2011 Census, central Dandenong had a population of 24,919.
It began as a township in 1852 and at the start of the 20th century was an important regional city with its own suburbs. During the mid-20th century it became a major metropolitan manufacturing and commercial area and conurbation of Greater Melbourne. A Business district, the former town centre, covers much of its area and is one of the largest in Greater Melbourne.
In 2014, Dandenong had an estimated population of 29,000 residents. This suburb features high levels of migrant settlement and cultural diversity. The 2011 Census found that 67% of Dandenong residents were born overseas, slightly higher than for Greater Dandenong and over twice the corresponding metropolitan proportion (33%). Dandenong has a large Turkish and Albanian community. Among the 132 birthplaces of its residents were India, accounting for 11%, as well as Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, China and Bosnia.
Rates of migrant settlement are correspondingly high, with 12% of Dandenong residents having arrived in Australia within the previous 2.5 years – almost twice the figure for Greater Dandenong, of 7%.
Languages other than English are spoken by 71% of residents – compared with 64% for Greater Dandenong. Reflecting this diversity of culture, 14% of its population have limited fluency in the use of spoken English, the same as for the municipality, and over three times the metropolitan level of 4%.