Paraburdoo is a town in the Pilbara region of Western Australia. The name of the town comes from an Aboriginal word for 'white cockatoo'. It is located 1,536 kilometres north of Perth and 79 kilometres southwest of Tom Price. Paraburdoo was developed in the early 1970s to support Hamersley Iron's (now Pilbara Iron) local iron ore mining operations, and gazetted as a town in 1972. Most of the town's residents are employed by Pilbara Iron's mining operation and the supporting services. The region is served by Paraburdoo Airport, which is situated 9 km from the town.
The town provides housing to workers of the three near-by Rio Tinto mines, those being the Channar, Eastern Range and Paraburdoo mine.