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Edinburgh is an outer northern suburb of Adelaide, South Australia in the City of Salisbury. Once a rural area, this changed in 1940 with the establishment of the Salisbury Explosives factory, followed by the Long Range Weapons Establishment (LRWE) in 1947, the High Speed Aerodynamics Laboratory, Propulsion Research Laboratory and the Electronics Research Laboratory, (collectively known as the Chemistry & Physics Research Laboratory) in 1949, and the establishment of the RAAF base in 1955. The LWRE and laboratories became the Weapons Research Establishment (WRE) in 1955, the Defence Science & Technology Organisation (DSTO) in 1974, and the DST Group in 2015. It is now an industrial suburb, but is still dominated by RAAF Base Edinburgh, the DST Group Edinburgh site, with a few remaining sheep-grazing paddocks.
The suburb was created in 1997 when it was split from the suburb of Salisbury, when the Australian Government decided that the Australian Department of Defence would rationalise the then "DSTO Salisbury" site and sell off about 70% of the site, and surrounding "Defence-owned" crown land, to form the "Edinburgh Parks" industrial estate.
In addition to the RAAF base and the DST Group site, the suburb is home to several of Defence contractors, a number of automotive component and parts manufacturers (which supported the Elizabeth Holden manufacturing plant until it closed in 2017), and other industries (for example, a major Coles Supermarkets distribution centre), as well as the Penfield Golf Club golf course, a model railway track, a model boat facility, a pistol range, gemology clubrooms, and a few remaining flocks of sheep.