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Eurelia is a town and locality in the Australian state of South Australia located on the east side of the Flinders Ranges about 264 kilometres (164 mi) north of the state capital of Adelaide and about 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the municipal seat of Orroroo.
The town was surveyed in July 1878 and was gazetted as government town on 12 September 1878. The locality's boundaries were created on 16 December 1999 for the “long established name” and includes the site of the Government Town of Eurelia.
Eurelia's name comes from the local Jadliaura language and translates to "place of the ear". It is thought that local Dreamtime stories associated with the Ranges locates Eurelia as an "ear" of a prostrate man. The pronunciation of the town's name gives rise to some long standing jokes. One joke has two railway porters at each end of the platform and as each train pulls in one would call out "You're a liar! You're a liar", and the other would reply "You really are! You really are!". (I.e. the town's name sounds like either "you're a liar" or "you really are", depending on which syllable the stress falls). The "correct" pronunciation is "you really are"
The District Council of Carrieton, based in adjacent Carrieton, was known as the District Council of Eurelia for the first six years of its existence, from 1888 to 1894.
Land use within the locality is ’primary production’ and is concerned with “agricultural production and the grazing of stock on relatively large holdings.