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York is the oldest inland town in Western Australia, situated on the Avon River, 97 kilometres (60 mi) east of Perth, and is the seat of the Shire of York.
The York district took its name from Yorkshire because of its valleys.The area was first settled in 1831, two years after Perth was settled in 1829. A town was established in 1835 with the release of town allotments and the first buildings were erected in 1836.
The region was important throughout the 19th century for sheep and grain farming, sandalwood, and horse breeding. After a period of depression in the early 1840s, exacerbated by labour shortages, a sandalwood boom in the late 1840s lifted the town.Solomon Cook constructed a steam engine in 1852 to power his flourmill and this started a flourish of steam-powered flour mills in the town.Convicts (or "ticket-of-leave" men) relieved the labour shortages and constructed many of the early buildings.York boomed during the gold rush as it was the last rail stop before the walk to the goldfields.
Today, the town attracts tourists for its beauty, history, buildings, festivals and art.